Long-Term Analysis of the Dependability of Cloud-based NISQ Quantum Computers


Numerous public cloud infrastructure providers today allow for access to Noisy Intermediate-Scale Quantum (NISQ) computers. Changes in the environment or the machine configuration may affect their dependability. Through analysis of real quantum computer calibration data, this work demonstrates that quantum computers available from IBM Quantum experience periods of fluctuation or abrupt qubit frequency changes. This work further analyzes the correlation between the frequency change events, decoherence times, gate errors, and machine maintenance or offline periods. The results highlight that the properties of NISQ computers change over time, affecting their dependability, but not all of the changes can be explained with publicly available data.

International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security (ARES)
Chuanqi Xu
Chuanqi Xu
Ph.D. Student

I am a PhD student at Yale University, and my research interests lie in quantum computing and computer security. I am currently working on quantum computer security, where I design attack and defense mechanisms on quantum computers and quantum cloud providers. I am also working on RTL design (Verilog) targeting FPGAs, where I implement Post-Quantum Cryptography (PQC) schemes that are secure under both classical and quantum computer attacks.